Understanding Type 2 Diabetes, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Diabetes is a continual medical disorder, in which sugar or glucose level increases in the blood circulation.

Insulin is a type of hormone that generally helps to transfer the sugar from your blood into cells, which the sugar is used as fuel.

But a person with type 2 diabetes, body’s cells aren’t able to reply to insulin, what they should.

Next steps of the ailment, your body may not produce sufficient insulin too.

Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes can occur to continually high blood sugar levels; cause several symptoms and lead to severe health problems.

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes:

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Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:

As a person with type 2 diabetes, the body’s cells aren’t effectively able to reply to insulin; therefore, his or her body’s tissues, muscles, and organs depend on alternative fuel sources.

Type 2 diabetes can increase gradually.

The early symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may include:

  • Continuous hungry feeling
  • Loss of energy
  • Tiredness
  • Weight loss
  • Too much thirstiness
  • Repeated urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Itchy skin
  • Blurry eyesight

As the disease advances, the signs become more severe and dangerous.

If the blood sugar levels become very high for a long time, these following signs may include:

  • Yeast infections
  • Dark spots on the skin
  • Slow-healing sores or cuts
  • Foot soreness
  • Lack of feeling in the extremities.

If someone has two or more of these signs, they should visit the doctor.

Without diagnosis and treatment, diabetes becomes more dangerous.

Diabetes causes terrible effects on the heart.

Women with type 2 diabetes possibly have another heart attack later than the first one.

Diabetes can also occur different problems during pregnancy.

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

We may not know the specific causes of type 2 diabetes, but understand some factors that occur the risk higher. The following factors may be:

# Overweight, Fatness, and Physical Laziness:

Type 2 diabetes may develop if you are physically inactive, weighty or fat.

Extra weight occasionally occurs insulin resistance for the person with type 2 diabetes.

Excess belly fat makes a difference, for example, insulin resistance, and heart disease.

Body Mass Index (BMI) can help to see if your weight puts you at risk for type 2 diabetes.

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# Insulin Resistance:

Type 2 diabetes commonly starts with insulin resistance, a condition in which liver, muscle, and fat cells are not using insulin well.

Therefore, your body requires more insulin to help glucose move in cells.

At first, the pancreas makes more insulin to manage the extra demand.

But, later the pancreas can’t produce sufficient insulin, and blood glucose levels increase.

# Genetic Factor and Family History:

Like type 1 diabetes, some genes may develop type 2 diabetes.

The disease tends to occur from family members or ethnic groups.

Genes also can raise the possibility of type 2 diabetes in overweight or obese persons.

Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan:

Diet is vital to keep your blood sugar levels safe.

It doesn’t have to be complicated.

The following diet plan suggestion for a person with type 2 diabetes should-

  • Eat meals and snacks timely.
  • Try eating foods that are high in nutrition and low in calories.
  • Should not overeat at a time.
  • Read the food labels.

Foods to Eat:

Healthy carbohydrates with fiber such as:

  • Fruits and Vegetables
  • Legumes, beans
  • Whole grains

Heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids like

  • Sardines
  • Tuna
  • Mackerel
  • Salmon
  • Halibut
  • Cod

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You can get healthy fats from some foods, such as:

  • Canola oil
  • Olive oil
  • Peanut oil
  • Pecans
  • Walnuts
  • Almonds
  • Avocados

Foods to Avoid:

You should limit or avoid some foods totally. These are:

  • Foods high in trans and saturated fats
  • Beef
  • Shellfish
  • Cane margarine or Fat
  • Baked goods
  • Processed meat and snacks
  • Sugary drinks
  • High-fat dairy products
  • Salty and fried foods

Ask your doctor to follow a personal diet plan that fits your lifestyle.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatments:

You can control type 2 diabetes effectively.

Your doctor can suggest to you how regularly you should check your blood.

The goal is to stay in an exact range. Follow these rules to control type 2 diabetes for example:

  • Add high fiber and healthy carbohydrates to your diet plan. Consuming fruits, vegetables, and whole grains will keep stable your blood glucose levels.
  • You can keep your heart healthy by controlling your body weight. That means you have to cut or limit processed carbohydrates, sweets, and animal fats from your diet plan.
  • Get at least 30 minutes of aerobic movement daily. Exercise controls the blood glucose level, also.

Your doctor will tell, how to recognize the indications of blood sugar become too high or too low and what to do in every condition.

Your doctor will also help that foods should eat or avoid.

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How to Control Type 2 Diabetes?

You can’t stop type 2 diabetes totally, but you can control it.

Because you can nothing do about your genetics or age.

Some lifestyle changes can delay or even stop the start of type 2 diabetes.

Diet, exercise, and lifestyle management keep the blood sugar levels under control:

# Diet:

Your diet should be high in nutrition. You require including healthy omega-3 fatty acids, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats from some fishes.

Choose low fat in dairy products.

It’s not only important the foods you eat, but also important the quantity.

Be careful about the portion sizes and try to eat meals at the same time daily.

# Exercise:

Type 2 diabetes is linked with laziness.

Get at least 30 minutes of aerobic movement daily.

Exercise controls the blood glucose level, also.

Include some extra movement during the day, too.

# Weight Management:

Overweight persons are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes. Eating healthy, following a balanced diet plan, and doing daily exercise can keep your weight under control.

If they don’t work well, visit your doctor and take other suggestions for losing weight securely.

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