What Is Food Poisoning: Symptoms, Causes and Home Remedies

Food poisoning is more commonly referred to as food-borne sickness, which is the consequence of eating stale, or contaminated food.

The most regular food poisoning symptoms include vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea.

Although food poisoning is quite a bad experience, it’s not rare.

1 out of 6 Americans suffers some form of food poisoning each year- According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

what is Food Poisoning

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A person with food poisoning does not stay hidden.

Symptoms can be different, which depends on the source of the contamination.

The length of time for occurring the symptoms also depends on the source of the contamination, but it can vary from 1 hour to 28 days.

Common causes of food poisoning usually include a minimum 3 of the next symptoms:

  • Stomach pains
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Loss of taste
  • Minor fever
  • Faintness
  • Vomiting
  • Headaches


Most of food poisoning occur for the next 3 reasons:

# Bacteria:

Bacteria is the number one culprit for food poisoning. The most dangerous bacteria include Salmonella, E. coli, and Listeria.

Salmonella is by far the biggest culprit of serious food poisoning cases in the United States.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention– a predictable 10 million cases of food poisoning and almost 20 thousand hospitalizations are traced to salmonella contamination yearly.

C. botulinum and Campylobacter are 2 of the lesser-known and toxic bacteria that can lie in our food.

# Parasites:

Food poisoning caused by parasites is less common than bacteria, but it is still serious.

Toxoplasma is a kind of parasite that most commonly occurs in food poisoning.

It’s normally found in cat litter boxes.

Parasites can live in your stomach hidden for years.

But, pregnant women and the person with weak digestive systems are at risk of these serious fallouts if parasites stay in their stomachs.

# Viruses:

Food poisoning can also occur through a virus. Norwalk is a kind of virus that causes 19 million food poisoning every year in the United States.

In rare circumstances, it can be deadly.

Astrovirus sapovirus and rotavirus, bring on the same indications, but they’re rare.

Hepatitis A virus can also be spread through food.

Foods to Eat After Food Poisoning:

After noticing the symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea, you should not eat or drink anything.

After a few hours, you can start eating the next foods/drinks to decrease weakness:

  • Electrolytes contained sports drinks for keeping yourself to be hydrated.
  • Soups.
  • Tender foods like oatmeal, bananas, cereals, egg white applesauce, rice, and toast.

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Foods to Avoid after Food Poisoning:

You should not eat or drink, which harsh your stomach like-

  • Spicy foods
  • Alcohol and Nicotine
  • Caffeine
  • Fatty or fried foods
  • Refined and Seasoned foods
  • Dairy products

When to Visit a Doctor?

Sometimes symptoms may be dangerous including:

  • A high fever level of more than 101.5°f
  • Loss of eyesight and speaking difficulty.
  • Symptoms of dryness may also include very little urination, dry mouth, and trouble keeping liquids down.
  • Passing urine and blood together.

If you see any of these signs, immediately visit your doctor.

Home Remedies for Food Poisoning in Adults:

Mild to moderate poisoning can be treated easily at home.

But, serious circumstances might require medical care.

1. Basil leave and Honey:

The antibacterial properties in basil leaves and honey can destroy food-borne microorganisms.

They keep cool your stomach and decrease the bad effects.


  • 1 teaspoon of Basil leaves extract
  • 1 teaspoon of Honey


  • Extract juice from a few crushed basil leaves.
  • Mix it with one teaspoon of honey.
  • Consume directly.
  • You must take this solution 3 to 4 times every day.

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2. Basil Leaves and Cardamom:

You should take this solution after food poisoning instantly.

The antimicrobial properties of basil leave help remove the germs caused by food poisoning.

The mixture of basil and cardamom works amazingly in relieving vomiting and nausea.


  • 3-4 pieces of basil leaves
  • 1 piece of cardamom


  • Chew them together
  • Otherwise, you can mix cardamom powder and basil extract together and take a teaspoon of it.

3. Honey and Ginger:

Ginger is most commonly applied as a tonic for many conditions.

It has antimicrobial properties that help to fight food-borne microorganisms.

Ginger can also stimulate the absorption process.

Adding honey and ginger together brings double the benefits of curing the food poising due to the antimicrobial properties of honey can speed up your retrieval.


  • 1 to 2 inches of ginger
  • 1 teaspoon of Honey
  • 1 cup of water


  • Place a saucepan with a cup of water.
  • Bring to boil them.
  • Simmer for 5 minutes and strain.
  • Keep it out from the fire and cool down.
  • Add a teaspoon of honey.
  • Take directly the solution.
  • Drink this tea a minimum of 3 times daily until your symptoms lessen.

4. Garlic and Honey:

Garlic contains powerful antiviral, antibacterial, and anti-fungal properties that demolish food-borne microorganisms.

It can also get rid of stomach pain and diarrhea.


  • 2-3 pieces of garlic cloves or ½ teaspoon of garlic chop
  • 1 teaspoon of honey


  • Chew on the garlic cloves directly.

On the other hand, if you don’t like the strong flavor of garlic, mix ½ teaspoon of garlic chop and 1 teaspoon of honey together and have them directly.

Read More: 5 Simple Ingredients and Home Remedies for Food Poisoning

5. Apple Cider Vinegar:

The antibacterial properties of apple cider vinegar are very effective against food-borne pathogenic bacteria like Escherichia coli.

ACV is also a rich source of minerals and enzymes that can help in stabilizing your body after a bout of food poisoning.


  • 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar
  • 1 glass of warm water


  • Add apple cider vinegar and warm water together.
  • Drink it directly.
  • You must drink this solution at least 2 to 3 times every day.

Saidur Rahman
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